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Inqubomgomo 'Yenziwe eShayina' ithuthukiswe ukuthuthukiswa kokukhiqiza

Ukubukwa: 231 About the Author: Isikhathi Sokushicilela: 2017-07-27

Shi Yu/China Daily


Isinyathelo sokuqala sihlose ukuzuza impumelelo ezimbonini kanye nokukhulisa ukuncintisana kwesizwe
I-China izophinde ikhuthaze umkhakha wezokukhiqiza ngemva kokukhipha iziqondiso ezingu-11 kamuva nje ukuze kusetshenziswe isu elithi "Made in China 2025", kugxilwe emikhakheni efana nokukhiqiza okuhlakaniphile, imishini esezingeni eliphezulu, izinto ezintsha kanye nokufaka uphawu.

Uhlelo, olwaziwa nge-"1+X", luqedwe ekuqaleni kwale nyanga njengoba kushicilelwe imihlahlandlela engu-11, ngokusho koMnyango Wezimboni Nobuchwepheshe Bolwazi. U-"1" umele ukuthi "Made in China 2025" kanye no-"X" ubhekisela kuzinkombandlela zemikhakha engaphansi engu-11, okuhlanganisa ukukhiqiza okuhlakaniphile nokuluhlaza kanye nokusungulwa kwezinto zokusebenza ezisezingeni eliphezulu.

Iminyango yoMkhandlu Kazwelonke engaphezu kwama-20 ibambe iqhaza kulolu hlelo, okuhloswe ngalo ukuzuza impumelelo emkhakheni wezokukhiqiza kanye nokuthuthukisa ukuncintisana kwezwe kusukela "embonini yomhlaba wonke" kuya emandleni eqiniso okukhiqiza, okuhlanganisa ukuklama kuya ekukhiqizeni.

Le mihlahlandlela ihlose ukuba iziphakamiso esikhundleni sezidingo zokuphatha, inikeze imakethe indima enkulu ekwabiweni kwezinsiza, futhi icele imizamo ehlanganyelwe nguhulumeni, amabhizinisi, izikhungo zocwaningo namanyuvesi kanye nezikhungo zezezimali.

I-"Made in China 2025" yaphakanyiswa okokuqala nguNdunankulu u-Li Keqiang embikweni wakhe Womsebenzi Kahulumeni ngoNdasa wezi-2015. UNdunankulu usephinde wagcizelela lolu hlelo ezikhathini eziningi futhi wakhuthaza ukuthuthukiswa komkhakha wezokukhiqiza waseShayina ukuze uvumelane nemvelo, ungabizi futhi ube phezulu. -ukuphela.

Emyalweni obhaliwe ngonyaka odlule, undunankulu wacela ukwehliswa komkhawulo wokufinyelela emakethe, ukwabiwa okungcono kwezinsiza kanye nokunciphisa izindleko zokuthuthukiswa kwezimboni zokukhiqiza ezithuthukile. Uphinde wakhuthaza ukuhlanganiswa kwe-"Made in China 2025" nezinhlelo ezifana ne-Internet Plus, ukuhweba ngobuningi nokusungula izinto ezintsha, kugcizelelwa ubuciko.

Emhlanganweni wesigungu soMkhandlu Kazwelonke owawungo-Ephreli 6, undunankulu uthe kufanele kwenziwe imizamo yokukhulisa ukuzethemba kwabathengi emikhiqizweni eyenziwe ekhaya futhi kugqugquzelwe ukuncintisana kwamazwe ngamazwe ezimbonini zokukhiqiza ngokwenza ngcono ikhwalithi nokusebenza kahle.

UNdunankulu uphinde waba namabhizinisi akhiqizayo aphezulu ohlelweni lwakhe phakathi nohambo lwakhe ngalunye lokuhlola ezindaweni ezifana neShanghai, iTianjin neShenzhen ngonyaka odlule.

Lapho evakashele imboni entsha yezimoto yeNkampani yezimoto i-Dongfeng Commercial Vehicle e-Shiyan, esifundazweni sase-Hubei emaphakathi ne-China ngoMeyi, undunankulu wakhuthaza abasebenzi ukuthi baqhubekisele phambili uguquko lwekhwalithi ngomoya wobuciko, futhi bakhuthaze ukuthuthukiswa okuphelele kwemikhiqizo yase-China. "Ukuguquguquka kwekhwalithi kuncike emoyeni wengcweti nasekusungulweni okusha, futhi okubalulekile wukuthuthukiswa okugxile kubathengi," etshela abasebenzi.

"Isu elithi 'Made in China 2025' kanye ne-Internet Plus azihlukaniseki, njengoba kufanele sithuthukise imboni yezokukhiqiza futhi sithuthukise ukukhiqiza okuhlakaniphile," kusho undunankulu esigcawini seWorld Economic Forum ngoJuni eTianjin.

Futhi e-Tianjin, undunankulu waphakamisa ibhayisikili elihlakaniphile elenziwe nge-carbon fibre walithatha wayolihlola esitolo se-Flying Pigeon experience, esihlanganisa amabhrendi aneminyaka engu-100 ubudala. “Ngithanda ukutshela izinkampani zamabhayisikili zaseChina ukuthi ngiyakweseka ukuthuthukiswa okukhaliphile kwesu elithi ‘Made in China’,” usho kanje.

UZhang Jun, isazi sezomnotho esiyinhloko eChina Fortune Securities, uthe ukuguga kwabantu baseChina kuzoholela ekwenyukeni kwentengo yabasebenzi kanye nokuncipha kwesidingo, okusho ukuthi ukukhiqiza ngobuhlakani kuyindlela enhle yokukhulisa ukusebenza kahle kokukhiqiza kanye nokunciphisa izindleko.

Izwe laseChina libe ngumkhiqizi omkhulu kunabo bonke emhlabeni eminyakeni emibili edlule kodwa lisabambezeleka ekuhlonzweni komkhiqizo kanye nokwenza izinto ezintsha uma kuqhathaniswa nezomnotho ezithuthukile, kusho uXin Guobin, iphini likangqongqoshe we-Industrial and Information Technology, engqungqutheleni yezindaba yangaphambilini. Ukukhiqiza ngobuchule kungasiza ukubhekana nezinselele lapho izwe libhekene nengcindezi ephansi yokukhula komnotho kanye nokunciphisa ukutshalwa kwezimali kwangasese, wengeza.

Imibono ka-Xin inanelwe ngu-Huang Qunhui, umqondisi we-Institute of Industrial Economics e-Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. U-Huang uthe izwe kufanele lichithe wonke amandla okukhiqiza angcolisa kakhulu futhi akhipha imimoya ephezulu ngenkathi lithuthukisa ukukhiqizwa okuhlakaniphile nezinye izigatshana ezishiwo kumhlahlandlela.

Eqinisweni, isu lizuze imiphumela emikhulu njengoba ukukhiqizwa kwemishini yesizwe njengamathuluzi emishini kwanda. UGuan Xiyou, owayengusihlalo webhodi labaqondisi beShenyang Machine Tools Group esifundazweni saseLiaoning, uthe ngoJulayi ukuthi inkampani yathola ama-oda angu-20,000 amathuluzi emishini ehlakaniphile ngonyaka odlule, okuphindwe kabili kwekhono layo lokukhiqiza lonyaka. Usule ngenyanga edlule.

Le nkampani inqume ukutshala imali eningi ekukhiqizeni amathuluzi emishini emisha, osekuyimikhiqizo ethandwa kakhulu, kusho uGuan.

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